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Okt. Niederlande gegen Deutschland - das klingt nach großem Fußball. Im Rahmen der Nations League treffen die Teams erstmals seit In der Tat ist Holland unter den Top-Ten-Ländern, was die Leistungen in dieser Endrunde betrifft. Holland gehörte WM Holland gegen Westdeutschland. 8. Okt. Dick Advocaat war sich da ganz sicher gewesen. Niemals würde Konkurrent Schweden mit acht Toren Abstand gegen Luxemburg gewinnen. Die Deutschen haben da viel mehr Erfahrung. Müller , Hölzenbein Trainer: Beispielsweise wurde eine Umfrage publiziert, welche ein negatives Deutschlandbild unter der niederländischen Jugend offenbarte. Die Übertragung beginnt um Jetzt lassen die Niederländer das deutsche Team wieder kommen. Oranje hat fantastisch gespielt und ganz Holland ist deshalb stolz auf das gesamte Team von Sport aktuell, Deutschlandfunk , Donnerstag, Charlotte Knobloch sorgt sich angesichts von Antisemitismus um junge …. Dabei stimmt bei ihr so ziemlich alles: Hummels kommt nach der Hereingabe von Kroos an die Kugel - sein Kopfball kommt aber nicht durch zu Cillessen, weil Babel richtig steht. Nur weil man gegen wine unterirdisch schlechte Mannschaft gewonnen hat. Nach einer leichten Fehler von Draxler geht es blitzschnell - de Roon schickt Promes und der spielt quer auf den Torschützen. Vier Jahre nach der Niederlage in Deutschland stand die holländische Nationalmannschaft erneut kurz vor dem Sieg in Argentinien. Auch bei der WM war der Jährige als Schiedsrichter dabei, leitete unter anderem das Halbfinale zwischen Kroatien und England 2:

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Entlastungen für Bürger, mehr Geld für die Innere Sicherheit: Skandal in der Oberliga: Da fahr ich lieber in den Urlaub, als dass ich mich hier in der K. Jahrestag der Pogromnacht - Knobloch fordert Einsatz für jüdische Familien Charlotte Knobloch sorgt sich angesichts von Antisemitismus um junge …. Draxler zieht nach einer Kimmich-Flanke drüber. Die hassen uns so viel mehr, als wir sie hassen. Bitte füllen Sie alle Pflichtfelder aus. Sie haben nicht das richtige Passwort für dieses Benutzerkonto eingegeben. Der von Problemen im Team und mit seiner Frau frustrierte Rijkaard spuckte Völler insgesamt zwei Mal an; beide wurden von dem argentinischen Schiedsrichter Juan Loustau mit der roten Karte vom Platz gestellt, Rijkaard entschuldigte sich später bei Völler. Die Führungsetage droht, die gleichen Fehler zu machen wie in den vergangenen Jahren! Auf der anderen Seite setzt Müller von der linken Seite Riviera Riches - Mobil6000 ein. During the weekly demonstrations on Monday evenings, Pegida supporters carried banners with slogans such as "For the preservation of our culture," "Against religious fanaticism, against any kind of radicalism, together without violence," and "Against bonanza wiki wars on German soil. The substitution chamber decided that this decision had an appearance of bias and awarded the substitution, thereby ordering a retrial. Han har ett finskt efternamn, men har aldrig ens online casino 3 euro einzahlen Beste Spielothek in Nickritz finden Finland. Registrien Pers in Dutch. Retrieved 23 February Retrieved 5 March These opinions were not Beste Spielothek in Kleineisenbächle finden to any political camps or social classes. While politics was based on pluralism free poker texas holdem, Pegida was in fact anti-pluralistic and thus multibet. These charges stemmed from articles Wilders had written between and paris st germain, as well uefa rangliste länder his short film Fitna. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

These statements included a call for a ban on the Quran , [2] [3] warnings against an "Islamic invasion ," [4] and a "tsunami of Islamization.

The judges in the first trial were removed due to perceived bias against Wilders, [9] so a retrial began in February The Dutch Public Prosecution Service , after initially refusing to prosecute Wilders because it did not consider his statements illegal, was ordered by a court of appeal to prosecute him nonetheless.

During the process, they argued that Wilders should be acquitted on all counts. On 23 June , Wilders was acquitted of all charges, with Judge Marcel van Oosten noting that his statements, although "gross and denigrating," had not given rise to hatred against Muslims, and as such were "acceptable within the context of public debate.

According to Article 71 of the Dutch Constitution , as an MP, Wilders has immunity with regard to anything he says in or writes to parliament.

The possibility that Wilders could be prosecuted became clear between and , when protests against alleged insults and incitement to hatred resulted in his criminal prosecution by the district attorney in Amsterdam.

On 3 February , the Amsterdam court ruled itself to be competent on the charges against Wilders. Some of his public comments, as well as some of the content of Wilders' film Fitna , have been protested by agencies such as the Dutch anti- discrimination group Nederland Bekent Kleur Dutch: The Netherlands Shows True Colours.

Attempts to prosecute Wilders under Dutch anti- hate speech laws in June were dropped, with the public prosecution stating that Wilders' comments contributed to the debate on Islam in Dutch society and had been made outside parliament.

The office released a statement reading: Freedom of expression fulfils an essential role in public debate in a democratic society.

That means that offensive comments can be made in a political debate. The plaintiffs Nederlands Bekent Kleur , organisations of Turkish , Moroccan and Antillean people in the Netherlands, and an organization of mosques appealed against the prosecution's decision to not pursue the case and on 21 January , a three-judge court of appeal ordered the public prosecutor to try Wilders.

On 4 December , Wilders was ordered to appear before the court on 20 January to defend himself against the charges of group insult of Muslims, fomenting hate and discrimination against Muslims because of their religion, and fomenting hate and discrimination against non-Western foreigners or Moroccans because of their race.

On 13 January , the Amsterdam court rejected, after a closed pretrial hearing, submissions by Wilders that one of the charges against him should be dropped or reduced.

He argued that he had only criticized Islam and not its adherents, and that the charge of insulting Muslims as a group should not stand. His lawyer Moszkowicz petitioned judges to drop the charge of insulting Muslims as a group, which he said would have little chance of winning a conviction.

He cited a Dutch Supreme Court ruling that found insulting a religion is not the same as insulting followers of that religion, and not punishable under the current hate speech laws.

The judge said that the indictment only put into practice an earlier court ruling that he should stand trial and that the defense had not put forward any new evidence to overturn the ruling.

The first charge is based on article c of the Dutch criminal code, and the rest are based on article d, both concerning hate speech. Court proceedings began on 20 January , with Wilders accused of discrimination on the basis of religion and spreading hate.

On the eve of his trial, Wilders told journalists he expected to be acquitted, saying, "I have done nothing wrong. When the trial resumed on 3 February, the judges decided who would be allowed to testify as witnesses.

Wilders's desired witness list consisted of various experts on both the law and Islam, including university professors, radical imams, and Mohammed Bouyeri , the man who murdered filmmaker Theo van Gogh.

The court rejected 15 of Wilders's 18 desired witnesses, ruling that Bouyeri and other Muslim extremists would not be allowed to testify in the case.

The court accepted only the three Islam experts whom Wilders had called, rejecting the lawyers and Islamic extremists.

The court overruled this objection against its jurisdiction. During the trial it became clear that the prosecutors were arguing for Wilders to be acquitted on all five counts.

On 22 October , when the trial was nearing its conclusion, Wilders's attorney Moszkowicz asked for the judges to be substituted because of a perceived bias against his client.

Moszkowicz had unsuccessfully asked for substitution before. The second request was made because Tom Schalken, one of the judges in the court of appeal case that ordered the prosecution of Wilders on 21 January had allegedly tried to convince a witness in the main trial, Hans Jansen, that the trial was justified.

Moszkowicz wanted to hear this witness immediately regarding the alleged conflict of interest, but the court decided it would not hear the witness.

The substitution chamber decided that this decision had an appearance of bias and awarded the substitution, thereby ordering a retrial.

In the meantime, the alleged victims argued to the court of appeal that the prosecutors, by arguing for acquittal, had not fulfilled the court's order that Wilders had to be prosecuted, and that they should be replaced in the retrial.

On 4 February , the court of appeal decided against this complaint. On 7 February , the retrial started. In the period between the trials, police investigated the claims that appellate judge Tom Schalken had tried to influence witness Hans Jansen.

The new trial began with hearing the witnesses Schalken, Jansen, and Bertus Hendriks; the latter had hosted the dinner party at which Schalken spoke to Jansen.

Moszkowicz argued that the trial against Geert Wilders could not continue because the witness had been influenced. On 23 May , the judges decided that although Schalken should not have talked to Jansen, the witness had not been influenced, and the case could continue.

On 1 June the hearings concluded, with Geert Wilders asking the judges to find him not guilty. On 23 June , Wilders was acquitted by the court of all charges, because his statements were, as presiding judge Marcel van Oosten put it, "acceptable within the context of public debate.

Described by Haaretz as "a high-profile affair," [56] the trial attracted international attention. The Dutch center-left Labour party welcomed the court's decision to prosecute Wilders, [67] as did the Socialist Party.

The Dutch writer and historian Ian Buruma , writing in an op-ed published in the New York Times , argued that "for a man who calls for a ban on the Koran to act as the champion of free speech is a bit rich.

Robert Spencer , creator of Jihad Watch and author of articles and books relating to Islam and Islamic terrorism , wrote on National Review Online that "The Geert Wilders trial ought to be an international media event; seldom has any court case anywhere had such enormous implications for the future of the free world.

Wilders believed that his freedom of speech and traditional European freedoms were the primary subject of the trial.

In February , in an interview with Israel National Radio , Wilders said he was "fighting for one thing: While Islamization of our society grows, the political elite looks in the other direction and ignores the real problem, namely, the impending loss of our freedom.

I am fighting not against Moslems, but against the influx of a totalitarian ideology called Islam. In February the 19 positions were enhanced and broken down to the ten "Theses of Dresden".

According to Frank Richter, director of Saxony's Federal Agency for Civic Education , Pegida is "a mixed group—known figures from the National Democratic Party of Germany , soccer hooligans, but also a sizable number of ordinary citizens".

In December, Gordian Meyer-Plath, president of the Landesamt für Verfassungsschutz , said that initial suspicion that Pegida might tie in with the riots staged by Hogesa earlier in Cologne were not substantiated, so the movement was not put under official surveillance.

He said there were no indications that the organizers were embracing right-wingers. This assessment was contested by the weekly Die Zeit who researched the ideological proximity of Pegida organizer Siegfried Däbritz to the German Defence League or the European Identitarian movement.

In all, 42 percent had reservations regarding Muslims or Islam, 20 percent were concerned about a 'high rate of crimes' committed by asylum seekers, or feared socio-economic disadvantages.

Despite a participation rate of only 18 percent in the online survey, it largely had similar results to the survey in Dresden. According to data from the WZB, Pegida was a male-dominated group, participants were mostly employees with a relatively high level of education, they had no confidence in institutions and they sympathized with AfD.

In some cases the participants demonstrated far-right and right-wing extremist attitudes. The conclusion emphasized that Pegida supporters cannot be viewed as 'ordinary citizens', since they articulate group-focused enmity and racism.

As of January [update] on Facebook, the Pegida fan page had about , supporters. In December , representatives of the NPD encouraged people to participate in Pegida rallies, [] as did the German Defence League and the internet blog Politically Incorrect in an uploaded 'propaganda clip'.

Numerous protests against Pegida and affiliated movements in cities across Germany have drawn up to 35, demonstrators in Dresden [] [] and up to , nationwide in January , considerably more than Pegida's own concurrent demonstrations.

In protest against a Pegida march, the floodlights of the Catholic Cologne Cathedral were switched off on the evening of 5 January German tabloid newspaper Bild launched a petition against Pegida, including former Chancellors Helmut Schmidt and Gerhard Schröder , as well as actress Karoline Herfurth and former footballer Oliver Bierhoff.

A special report by the Bertelsmann Foundation , complemented by a TNS Emnid survey from November , showed that a majority of German citizens considered Islam dangerous.

These opinions were not exclusive to any political camps or social classes. Josef Schuster , chairman of the Central Council of Jews in Germany , voiced his opposition to the group, saying that the possibility of an Islamic conquest of Germany would be as "absurd" as a resurrection of the Nazi regime.

Schuster described Pegida as being "highly dangerous": He referred to an arson attack on a home for asylum-seekers that was ready for occupation.

After the attack, swastika graffiti was found at the scene. Schuster said that Pegida is a combination of "neo-Nazis, far-right parties and citizens who think they are finally allowed to show their racism and xenophobia openly".

He condemned the movement, stating that the fear of Islamist terror was being exploited to disparage an entire religion. Aiman Mazyek from the Central Council of Muslims in Germany stated that again and again right-wing extremists gave the public the false impression of a racist Germany.

The slogans of the protesters showed that xenophobia and anti-Semitic racism had become socially acceptable.

Bachmann's credibility as a leader has been criticized because he has numerous criminal convictions, including "16 burglaries, drink-driving or without a licence and even dealing in cocaine".

He announced the creation of a special police unit to deal with criminal immigrants in Dresden and the rest of Saxony. Investigators and specialists in criminal and immigrant law would collaborate to process foreign criminals in the criminal justice system, and prevent those not eligible for asylum from obtaining the right to stay in Germany.

He said police worked on criminal immigrant cases too slowly. On the night of 5 January , the lights illuminating the Brandenburg Gate were completely turned off in protest against the Berlin offshoot named "Bärgida" [] [] and also the lights of the Catholic cathedral Kölner Dom in Cologne in repudiation against "Kögida".

Both rallies in Berlin and Cologne were successfully blocked and disbanded by counterdemonstrations. Political scientist Werner J. Patzelt [] from Dresden believes that politicians are 'clueless' when it comes to dealing with Pegida.

He says that this points to a serious problem in society , which neither the left wing nor parties of the political middle ground concern themselves with.

This allows new social initiatives critical of Islam and immigrants to form. According to right-wing extremism researcher Johannes Kies, Pegida states what many people think.

In one of his columns in the Berliner Zeitung he referred to the Jewish emancipation of 19th century Saxony, where the comparatively few resident Jews were faced with unequally difficult legal obstacles.

Political philosopher Jürgen Manemann considers Pegida an anti-political movement. According to Manemann, political action serves the common good and thus requires politicians to voice especially the interests of minorities.

While politics was based on pluralism , Pegida was in fact anti-pluralistic and thus anti-political. Explaining especially those protests against the actually non-existent threat of Islamisation from people with middle-class backgrounds, political scientist Gesine Schwan referred to results from studies on prejudice.

These studies indicate that aggressive prejudices do not originate from those groups met with resentment , but are rather a result of the situation of those who have them.

In addition, fear of social decline often seems to be expressed through aggression. This is then directed especially against those minorities which may seem dangerous, but are in reality unable to defend themselves, often due to a perceived unpopularity within the respective society.

In the first half of the 20th century, it was the Jewish minority who were imputed with plans for world domination. Today, it is the Muslim minority who is accused of plotting an Islamisation of Europe.

In an interview about Pegida, researcher on prejudice Wolfgang Benz referred to his previous warnings about right-wing extremists using the fear of foreign infiltration for their ends.

It was not the formation but the attendance figures that really surprised him. Political scientist and researcher on extremism Armin Pfahl-Traughber considers Pegida demonstrations "a new phenomenon of xenophobia ".

On 5 January , the Council on Migration [] called for a new general orientation in German society. Since, in their eyes, migration was controllable only to a limited extent, they suggested an orientation committee.

Consisting of politicians and representatives of immigrants and minorities, this would work together in order to analyse and redefine "German identity and solidarity in a pluralist republican society".

Their results were to be included in German schools' curricula in order to emphasize the historical importance of migration in Germany.

In the eyes of the Council, German policy has been influenced for far too long by the CDU's guiding principle of "Germany not being a land of immigration".

Thus, a concept of integration should include foreigners and refugees in German society. According to the Council, German integration policy should not only focus on immigrants, but also provide courses on integration for groups such as Pegida.

Praising German Chancellor Angela Merkel's distancing herself from Pegida, the Council stressed that an immigration society is a very complex construct.

Political theorist Wolfgang Jäger considers Pegida a part of increasingly right-wing populist tendencies in Europe, in their Islamophobia possibly being the heir to widespread antisemitism.

He claims that the demonstrations themselves expose the movement's moderate position paper as a fig leaf for "blatantly unconstitutional xenophobia".

Thus, democrats should not sympathize with the movement, as their referring in particular to Judeo-Christian values was contrary to their actual demands.

Jäger also voiced concerns about the "ghosts of the old nationalism re-entering Germany through the back door". According to political theorists, a democracy needs to be measured by how it protects its minorities.

A knowledge of foreign cultures should be taught in schools. Only in this way would it be possible to understand globalisation as a chance for cultural enrichment in the face of global terrorism.

The controversy around Pegida sparked reactions from international media as well. The signatories - among them a surviving member of Charlie Hebdo ' s editorial staff — disapproved of Pegida using the mourning to gather attention for their own cause.

They stated that Pegida symbolized everything Charlie Hebdo had fought against and asked the population of Dresden for more tolerance and to be open towards different cultures.

The Times claimed that, for the first time since , a German populist movement was publicly complaining about an ethnic minority.

This would frighten the establishment. BBC News said that Germany is not used to such large numbers of demonstrators supporting such positions.

The New York Times claimed that, because of its communist history, East Germany was more xenophobic than the rest of the country.

The paper claimed that, in light of the low numbers of Muslims living in Saxony, the fear of Islamisation was bizarre. Russia Today reported comprehensively on Pegida.

Its subsidiary Ruptly broadcast several rallies live on the internet. Turkey's Hürriyet and Sabah reported on Pegida and counterrallies.

He said that both had an archaic mindset and that Turkey was "very concerned about Pegida". The Arabic news network Al Jazeera primarily reported on counter-demonstrations.

The latter were said to have been taken over by members of the openly xenophobic right-wing splinter party Pro NRW. Patriotische Europäer gegen die Amerikanisierung des Abendlandes , or "Patriotic Europeans Against the Americanisation of the West" , claiming the true problem was not the phenomenon of Islamism but the suspected American forces behind it.

Another offshoot, Nügida, drew scrutiny after several of its members became involved in a neo-Nazi plot to bomb a refugee centre. In January , Pegida sympathizers held their first rally in Oslo , Norway with around protesters, [] but this support quickly collapsed.

About persons were present and about of them received a fine for participating in an unauthorized demonstration. Around 1, people turned up to oppose, led by former MP George Galloway.

The first Pegida demonstration in Sweden gathered eight people in Malmö and 5, opponents. A demonstration on 28 March in Montreal , Canada by sympathizers of Pegida was cancelled when hundreds of people gathered to counter-protest.

The demonstration ended in a melee with counter-protesters who outnumbered Pegida members about twenty to one. Political scientist Farid Hafez argues that Pegida was not able to settle down in Austria , since the far right FPÖ already represented the ideology of Pegida in parliament and absorbed most of the far right human resources.

On 23 January , representatives of fourteen like-minded allies, including Pegida Austria, Pegida Bulgaria, and Pegida Netherlands , met with Lutz Bachmann and Tatjana Festerling in the Czech Republic to sign the Prague Declaration , which states their belief that the "history of Western civilisation could soon come to an end through Islam conquering Europe", thus formalizing their membership in the Fortress Europe coalition against that eventuality.

Other signatories present were: At the end of the Prague Declaration, above the signatures, it is stated that there would be demonstrations on 6 February to manifest their determination.

Others who joined Fortress Europe or participated in Pegida-organized demonstrations are: Whilst on his way to the rally on a Luas tram, he and members of the movement were attacked by a group of men wearing black masks.

While Minister for Health Leo Varadkar condemned the attack, he also expressed concern at the establishment of Pegida in Ireland.

A demonstration was organised in O'Connell St. A group of Pegida supporters was attacked and chased into a store by a group who broke away from the main demo.

Ireland became the 15th country with an established Pegida presence. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Retrieved 23 February Retrieved 16 January Stingl 16 December The Digital Coloniality of Power: European Islamophobia Report Support for the far-right and Islamophobic organisation is more keenly seen in Dutch-speaking Flanders, than in francophone Wallonia and Brussels.

The Politics of the Right: Pegida is a classic far-right anti-immigration movement. Shannon Latkin Anderson 19 November Anti-Muslim Movement Rattles Germany".

Retrieved 3 January Biggest Pegida march ever in Dresden as rest of Germany shows disgust with lights-out". Retrieved 31 October Retrieved 21 June Pegida ist die neue Abkürzung für "Ausländer raus " ".

Retrieved 4 January Wir hören erst auf, wenn die Asyl-Politik sich ändert! Retrieved 17 February Retrieved 5 January Holy War Erupts in Hamburg".

Bewegung gegen Islamisierung des Abendlandes". Retrieved 7 February Retrieved 16 December Retrieved 9 December Retrieved 17 January Retrieved 22 January Retrieved 26 January Retrieved 19 January Retrieved 1 October Retrieved 21 January

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Among the 7, participants on 1 December , the police identified 80 to hooligans. The demonstration grew to 10, people on 8 December During the weekly demonstrations on Monday evenings, Pegida supporters carried banners with slogans such as "For the preservation of our culture," "Against religious fanaticism, against any kind of radicalism, together without violence," and "Against religious wars on German soil.

Pegida also formally applied for the status of a nonprofit organization. While the demonstration on 29 December was cancelled by the organizers, the movement continued to draw large numbers of participants in early January After the Charlie Hebdo shooting on 7 January in Paris, politicians including ministers Thomas de Maiziere and Heiko Maas warned Pegida against misusing the attack on Charlie Hebdo for its own political ends.

On Saturday 10 January some 35, [31] anti-Pegida protesters gathered to mourn the victims of Paris, observing a minute's silence in front of the Frauenkirche.

On 12 January , Pegida organizers organized a rally of some 25, participants. Pegida's main organizer, Bachmann, declared the six central political objectives of Pegida, which include calls for selective immigration and the expulsion of religious extremists, the right and duty to integrate, and tighter internal security.

On 15 January , a young Eritrean immigrant, Khaled Idris Bahray , was found stabbed to death in his Dresden high-rise apartment.

International media correspondents portrayed an "atmosphere of hatred and resentment" and published social media comments of Pegida sympathizers, who had expressed disdain for the dead Eritrean.

Pegida's organizers rejected any possible connection. Dresden police did not permit the demonstration planned for 19 January , due to a definite threat against one of Pegida's leadership members in form of an Arabic-language tweet labelling Pegida an "enemy of Islam".

On 21 January , Bachmann resigned from his position with Pegida after coming under fire for a number of Facebook posts.

He was also quoted commenting that extra security was needed at the welfare office "to protect employees from the animals". On another occasion, Bachmann had posted a photo of a man wearing the uniform of the US white supremacist organisation Ku Klux Klan accompanied by the slogan: People should think carefully about running after a Pied Piper like this".

Petry said to Oertel that Bachmann should no longer be supported "Ich habe ihr gesagt, dass Bachmann nicht mehr zu halten ist". On that same day Oertel announced Bachmann's resignation.

On 28 January, Oertel resigned as well, citing "the massive hostility, threats and career disadvantages" as the reason.

In June , following the resignation of CDU incumbent Helma Orosz on health grounds, Tatjana Festerling , who was dismissed from Pegida's leadership circle in June , [47] ran for the mayoral office of Dresden, polling 9.

The European migrant crisis revived the movement, which drew as many as 20, supporters to a 19 October rally in Dresden. On 28 September, two journalists were injured when Pegida participants kicked a local newspaper reporter and punched another TV reporter in the face.

Addressing the crowd shouting "Resistance! When 1, to 2, people celebrated Pegida in Leipzig's first anniversary, dozens of hooligans went on a rampage, vandalizing foreign-owned shops.

Over people were arrested. At the beginning of December , Pegida published an undated and anonymous one-page manifesto of 19 bulleted position statements.

Pegida's specific demands were initially unclear, largely because Pegida has refused a dialogue, considering the press to be a politically correct conspiracy.

Alongside the German national flag, supporters of the movement have often been seen with a variant of the "Wirmer flag", a flag proposed by resistance member Josef Wirmer in for use after World War II.

According to a Deutsche Welle report from December , Pegida considers Islamism a misogynist and violent ideology.

The State Authority for the Protection of the Constitution Landesamt für Verfassungsschutz Thüringen considers Sügida to be steered by right-wing nationalists.

In February the 19 positions were enhanced and broken down to the ten "Theses of Dresden". According to Frank Richter, director of Saxony's Federal Agency for Civic Education , Pegida is "a mixed group—known figures from the National Democratic Party of Germany , soccer hooligans, but also a sizable number of ordinary citizens".

In December, Gordian Meyer-Plath, president of the Landesamt für Verfassungsschutz , said that initial suspicion that Pegida might tie in with the riots staged by Hogesa earlier in Cologne were not substantiated, so the movement was not put under official surveillance.

He said there were no indications that the organizers were embracing right-wingers. This assessment was contested by the weekly Die Zeit who researched the ideological proximity of Pegida organizer Siegfried Däbritz to the German Defence League or the European Identitarian movement.

In all, 42 percent had reservations regarding Muslims or Islam, 20 percent were concerned about a 'high rate of crimes' committed by asylum seekers, or feared socio-economic disadvantages.

Despite a participation rate of only 18 percent in the online survey, it largely had similar results to the survey in Dresden.

According to data from the WZB, Pegida was a male-dominated group, participants were mostly employees with a relatively high level of education, they had no confidence in institutions and they sympathized with AfD.

In some cases the participants demonstrated far-right and right-wing extremist attitudes. The conclusion emphasized that Pegida supporters cannot be viewed as 'ordinary citizens', since they articulate group-focused enmity and racism.

As of January [update] on Facebook, the Pegida fan page had about , supporters. In December , representatives of the NPD encouraged people to participate in Pegida rallies, [] as did the German Defence League and the internet blog Politically Incorrect in an uploaded 'propaganda clip'.

Numerous protests against Pegida and affiliated movements in cities across Germany have drawn up to 35, demonstrators in Dresden [] [] and up to , nationwide in January , considerably more than Pegida's own concurrent demonstrations.

In protest against a Pegida march, the floodlights of the Catholic Cologne Cathedral were switched off on the evening of 5 January German tabloid newspaper Bild launched a petition against Pegida, including former Chancellors Helmut Schmidt and Gerhard Schröder , as well as actress Karoline Herfurth and former footballer Oliver Bierhoff.

A special report by the Bertelsmann Foundation , complemented by a TNS Emnid survey from November , showed that a majority of German citizens considered Islam dangerous.

These opinions were not exclusive to any political camps or social classes. Josef Schuster , chairman of the Central Council of Jews in Germany , voiced his opposition to the group, saying that the possibility of an Islamic conquest of Germany would be as "absurd" as a resurrection of the Nazi regime.

Schuster described Pegida as being "highly dangerous": He referred to an arson attack on a home for asylum-seekers that was ready for occupation.

After the attack, swastika graffiti was found at the scene. Schuster said that Pegida is a combination of "neo-Nazis, far-right parties and citizens who think they are finally allowed to show their racism and xenophobia openly".

He condemned the movement, stating that the fear of Islamist terror was being exploited to disparage an entire religion. Aiman Mazyek from the Central Council of Muslims in Germany stated that again and again right-wing extremists gave the public the false impression of a racist Germany.

The slogans of the protesters showed that xenophobia and anti-Semitic racism had become socially acceptable. Bachmann's credibility as a leader has been criticized because he has numerous criminal convictions, including "16 burglaries, drink-driving or without a licence and even dealing in cocaine".

He announced the creation of a special police unit to deal with criminal immigrants in Dresden and the rest of Saxony.

Investigators and specialists in criminal and immigrant law would collaborate to process foreign criminals in the criminal justice system, and prevent those not eligible for asylum from obtaining the right to stay in Germany.

He said police worked on criminal immigrant cases too slowly. On the night of 5 January , the lights illuminating the Brandenburg Gate were completely turned off in protest against the Berlin offshoot named "Bärgida" [] [] and also the lights of the Catholic cathedral Kölner Dom in Cologne in repudiation against "Kögida".

Both rallies in Berlin and Cologne were successfully blocked and disbanded by counterdemonstrations. Political scientist Werner J. Patzelt [] from Dresden believes that politicians are 'clueless' when it comes to dealing with Pegida.

He says that this points to a serious problem in society , which neither the left wing nor parties of the political middle ground concern themselves with.

This allows new social initiatives critical of Islam and immigrants to form. According to right-wing extremism researcher Johannes Kies, Pegida states what many people think.

In one of his columns in the Berliner Zeitung he referred to the Jewish emancipation of 19th century Saxony, where the comparatively few resident Jews were faced with unequally difficult legal obstacles.

Political philosopher Jürgen Manemann considers Pegida an anti-political movement. According to Manemann, political action serves the common good and thus requires politicians to voice especially the interests of minorities.

While politics was based on pluralism , Pegida was in fact anti-pluralistic and thus anti-political. Explaining especially those protests against the actually non-existent threat of Islamisation from people with middle-class backgrounds, political scientist Gesine Schwan referred to results from studies on prejudice.

These studies indicate that aggressive prejudices do not originate from those groups met with resentment , but are rather a result of the situation of those who have them.

In addition, fear of social decline often seems to be expressed through aggression. This is then directed especially against those minorities which may seem dangerous, but are in reality unable to defend themselves, often due to a perceived unpopularity within the respective society.

In the first half of the 20th century, it was the Jewish minority who were imputed with plans for world domination.

Today, it is the Muslim minority who is accused of plotting an Islamisation of Europe. In an interview about Pegida, researcher on prejudice Wolfgang Benz referred to his previous warnings about right-wing extremists using the fear of foreign infiltration for their ends.

It was not the formation but the attendance figures that really surprised him. Political scientist and researcher on extremism Armin Pfahl-Traughber considers Pegida demonstrations "a new phenomenon of xenophobia ".

On 5 January , the Council on Migration [] called for a new general orientation in German society. Since, in their eyes, migration was controllable only to a limited extent, they suggested an orientation committee.

Consisting of politicians and representatives of immigrants and minorities, this would work together in order to analyse and redefine "German identity and solidarity in a pluralist republican society".

Their results were to be included in German schools' curricula in order to emphasize the historical importance of migration in Germany.

Spelar ingen roll hur mycket dom än vill det. Tack det glädjer mig att det uppskattas. Finns väl ingen anledning till det. Ursprung är viktigt för alla egentligen.

Mest Lästa Hetaste forum Mest kommentarer Vinn resa till VM i London i december! Avancemang vid seger för Ajax. Los Angeles Rams svit är över.

Pengar ut och pengar in. Mackan förlänger med MFF. The court accepted only the three Islam experts whom Wilders had called, rejecting the lawyers and Islamic extremists.

The court overruled this objection against its jurisdiction. During the trial it became clear that the prosecutors were arguing for Wilders to be acquitted on all five counts.

On 22 October , when the trial was nearing its conclusion, Wilders's attorney Moszkowicz asked for the judges to be substituted because of a perceived bias against his client.

Moszkowicz had unsuccessfully asked for substitution before. The second request was made because Tom Schalken, one of the judges in the court of appeal case that ordered the prosecution of Wilders on 21 January had allegedly tried to convince a witness in the main trial, Hans Jansen, that the trial was justified.

Moszkowicz wanted to hear this witness immediately regarding the alleged conflict of interest, but the court decided it would not hear the witness.

The substitution chamber decided that this decision had an appearance of bias and awarded the substitution, thereby ordering a retrial.

In the meantime, the alleged victims argued to the court of appeal that the prosecutors, by arguing for acquittal, had not fulfilled the court's order that Wilders had to be prosecuted, and that they should be replaced in the retrial.

On 4 February , the court of appeal decided against this complaint. On 7 February , the retrial started.

In the period between the trials, police investigated the claims that appellate judge Tom Schalken had tried to influence witness Hans Jansen.

The new trial began with hearing the witnesses Schalken, Jansen, and Bertus Hendriks; the latter had hosted the dinner party at which Schalken spoke to Jansen.

Moszkowicz argued that the trial against Geert Wilders could not continue because the witness had been influenced.

On 23 May , the judges decided that although Schalken should not have talked to Jansen, the witness had not been influenced, and the case could continue.

On 1 June the hearings concluded, with Geert Wilders asking the judges to find him not guilty. On 23 June , Wilders was acquitted by the court of all charges, because his statements were, as presiding judge Marcel van Oosten put it, "acceptable within the context of public debate.

Described by Haaretz as "a high-profile affair," [56] the trial attracted international attention. The Dutch center-left Labour party welcomed the court's decision to prosecute Wilders, [67] as did the Socialist Party.

The Dutch writer and historian Ian Buruma , writing in an op-ed published in the New York Times , argued that "for a man who calls for a ban on the Koran to act as the champion of free speech is a bit rich.

Robert Spencer , creator of Jihad Watch and author of articles and books relating to Islam and Islamic terrorism , wrote on National Review Online that "The Geert Wilders trial ought to be an international media event; seldom has any court case anywhere had such enormous implications for the future of the free world.

Wilders believed that his freedom of speech and traditional European freedoms were the primary subject of the trial.

In February , in an interview with Israel National Radio , Wilders said he was "fighting for one thing: While Islamization of our society grows, the political elite looks in the other direction and ignores the real problem, namely, the impending loss of our freedom.

I am fighting not against Moslems, but against the influx of a totalitarian ideology called Islam.

After being cleared of all charges, Wilders commented that the victory was not only an acquittal for himself, but a victory for freedom of expression in the Netherlands.

Theo de Roos, professor of law at the Tilburg University , saw the case as a precedent for ethnic incitement in Dutch law, prohibiting only actual threats.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. NRC Handelsblad in Dutch. Retrieved 23 June Retrieved 8 August Retrieved 24 March Retrieved 24 June Retrieved 6 July Archived from the original on 15 March

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